Environment problems have become a matter of grave concern for scientists across the globe. As the recent development stands, experts are of the opinion that if the trend continues then earth is not likely to last more than 200 to1,000 years from now.
The Arctic and the Antarctic regions have already started melting. Apart from this, there are a host of other problems, which is a cause of great threat for earth and all the living beings. In this article, we will briefly cover some of the problems that loom large.
The phenomenon of global warming started in the 1970s and since then there has been a steady increase of the earth’s temperature. The temperature of the ocean has gone up by quite a few degrees. The continuous melting of ice from the corner of the earth on a consistent level is due to global warming. The increase of carbon dioxide in the earth’s surface is a grave concern for the scientist community.
The amount of trees on the surface of the earth has drastically decreased in the past few decades. Forests have been destroyed largely due to expansion of cities and villages. This factor is largely responsible for oxygen-carbon dioxide imbalance on earth’s surface.
While a number of attempts have been taken by various countries to address this matter, increased commercialisation has made that job virtually impossible.
#3-Ozone Layer Depletion
The ozone layer, which is the protective layer of the atmosphere, has been depleting gradually. The ozone layer ensures that certain harmful radiation of the sun such as the CFC does not enter the surface of the earth and cause harm to the people.
These radiations are extremely dangerous and are capable of causing a wide variety of diseases such as skin cancer.
In the recent years, a lot of animal species are becoming extinct. While it may not sound quite alarming, it is extremely detrimental as far as the environment is concerned. Animals keep the food-cycle balance. Certain group extinctions will mean that the food-cycle balance will be disturbed, and eventually it will be a threat for the mankind to survive on earth.
There was once a very interesting theory regarding the third world war. It was concluded that the third world war might be possible and the reason of such mass battle would be for fresh water. Believe it or not, out of the 2/3rd portion of earth, which is covered by earth only 1% is fresh water. Large scale sewage projects across geographies are making sure that fresh water is further reduced. This could be a matter of great concern in the days to come.
While this has not become a common phenomenon is many parts of the world, it is still an environment threat nevertheless. Scientists are of the view that the rain is increasingly becoming acidic in nature in certain parts of the world. Acid rain primarily happens due air pollution on a large scale. It not only creates mass health hazards, but it also destroys crops. The food items become instantly poisonous due to acid rain. This could be very harmful for people in those regions if not looked into immediately.
#7-Change in Climate Cycle
This perhaps is the result of all the problems mentioned above. The climate has drastically changed in the last 50 years. The rain cycle has changed and millions of lives have been affected. It not only disturbs the people, but the water habitats also get affected. Fishes have been dying in large numbers and that’s how prices in the markets go up as well.